The African Scholars & Institutions Initiative
It is of concern that while Africa has approximately 18% of the world’s child population, African scholarly leadership accounts for much less than 1% of all published international literature on children, their care, and their development. This initiative grows out of many inter-related activities, all connected by a commitment to promote advanced scholarly work that supports children’s well-being. An example of AS& I work includes surveys and compilation of tertiary ECD Programs in SSA.
In order to document which institutions across sub-Saharan Africa offered child development and/or ECD courses and educational programs, two surveys were conducted:
- in 2010, a survey of the east and southern regions was undertaken with support from the UNICEF-East and Southern Africa Regional Office (ESARO), followed by a 2.5 day workshop that brought a junior and senior scholar from one institution in each of 12 countries to discuss ways to promote research and scholarly work in their countries; and
- in 2012, a second survey was undertaken in cooperation with UNESCO/BREDA office in Dakar to compile data from the western and central Africa region (WCAR).
The data analyzed from these surveys identified the gaps and strengths in ECD in SSA’s post-secondary sector. A summary of the data compiled, a summary of key findings (executive summary) and the full report can be viewed here:
- Mauritius 2019:
In June, 2019 Profs. Ebrahim, Oumar and Pence attended an ECCE/ECD Leadership Capacity Development Workshop sponsored by the ADEA Inter-Country Quality Node (ICQN). They were joined there by Dr. Fortidas Bakuza (AKU-IED) in presenting for consultation a draft Africa Based Child Development (ABCD) program. Those colleagues later joined professors from other African universities to further develop ideas regarding such an initiative.
- Pretoria, 2018;
This key meeting brought together leaders and/or participants from a number of key, scholarly capacity promoting networks and organizations active in sub-Saharan Africa, several of which merged in the post-Abidjan workshop period. The objective of this workshop/meeting was to share current activities and to explore possibilities for enhanced coordination and potential synergies across initiatives.
- Abidjan, 2016;
The Abidjan AS&I workshop was held in conjunction with a Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, sponsored by the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. Co-hosts for the Workshop were EQUAL/Global TIES for Children (NYU) and the Africa Early Childhood Network (AfECN). The objectives of the workshop included: strengthen and develop regional research networks; identify regional (and country) research priorities for ECD; and discuss development of structures and processes to advance ECD and research in Africa.
- Dar es Salaam, 2015;
The fertile exchange of ideas and experiences at the Johannesburg-SSA and Lusaka-Regional SSA workshops led to plans for an East African workshop, with key scholars from 5 SSA countries attending. As in Johannesburg and Lusaka, the exchanges and planning went well, but efforts to secure funds to move from a preliminary to a ready-to-submit stage were not forthcoming. Efforts to secure funding for ‘from drawing board through implementation’ are ongoing, (but unfortunately fall under the category of ‘hope burns eternal’…).
- Lusaka, 2013;
A need identified at the Johannesburg workshop was the collaboration of African scholars to create regional, ‘multi-country/institution’ research proposals to submit for joint funding. The workshop was successful in identifying key features of a multi-country proposal, but funding to advance the work beyond the initial stages of agreement on focus and methodology was not forthcoming. Such a pattern of international donor disinterest in supporting researach focused on locally identified priorities and led by locally knowledgeable scholars was noted at both the 2009, 2010 and 2013 workshops.
- Johannesburg, 2013;
23 scholars from 18 African countries participated in this workshop that worked towards, amongst other things, determining key research priorities in SSA. These priorities included Indigenous language, knowledge, and play. Involvement of local communities, issues relating to parents, developmental assessments, including concerns regarding cultural appropriateness. Identification and inclusion of children with special needs were other research priorities discussed as well.
- Lusaka, 2010;
This 2.5-day workshop was a joint ECDVU-AS&I and UNICEF-ESARO-supported event. The organizer (Alan Pence) invited a junior and a senior scholar from 12 African countries to participate in an investigation regarding what would be required at an institutional and individual level to support African scholars’ voices being heard internationally. The workshop was led by Pence and J. Anamuah-Mensah, former V.C. of the University of Education, Winneba, Ghana.
- Victoria, 2009 (SRCD funded)
This one-week workshop was attended by 10 world-renowned early childhood and child development scholars. The majority were known for their work in Africa, but several were specifically invited for their expertise in advancing ECD and child development research in other developing regions of the world. The SRCD proposal (Marfo & Pence, 2008) for the workshop noted: “[The proposal] is designed to help advance ECD, and child development more broadly, that is inclusive of African perspectives, priorities, values and scholarly leaders…This is not simply an African problem; left unaddressed, the under-representation of perspectives from other cultures places profound limitations in claims about the existence of a global developmental science knowledge base.” Papers from the event were published in the well-respected Child Development Perspectives journal.
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